The first thing that we are going to do before entering into the
establishment of the meaning of the antipyretic term is to discover its
etymological origin. In this case, we have to emphasize that it is a word that
derives from the Greek. It is exactly the result of the sum of the following
clearly defined elements:
-The prefix "anti-", which can be translated as "against".
-The Greek term "pyretikos", which comes to be used as a synonym for "related to
fever". This, in turn, comes from the noun "pyretˇs", which is "fever".
-The suffix "-ikos", which is used to indicate "relative to".
an antipyretic is a medicine that helps fight fever. This
kind of substance also called anti - fever or antipyretic.
It should be mentioned that fever is the phenomenon that causes an increase in body temperature and
an increase in respiratory rate and pulse. Antipyretics are febrifuge drugs:
they are effective in reducing fever and bringing body temperature back to
Antipyretics generally work against the symptoms of fever, but not the
cause. In other words: an antipyretic can contribute to a drop in temperature
without solving the origin of the fever. So if the disease persists,
the temperature will rise again.
Many antipyretics, in addition to febrifuge, are anti-inflammatory (reduce
inflammation) and pain relievers (eliminate pain). These
characteristics mean that they are drugs that alleviate the general discomfort
experienced by a person with fever and other disorders.
There are two drugs that are famous as antipyretics and also as pain
-Acetyl salicylic acid, popularly known as aspirin. It is characterized because
it also has a remarkable efficacy as an anti-inflammatory. In order to be used
in children, the pediatrician must be consulted beforehand and adults can take
between one and a half grams every four to six hours.
-Paracetamol. This drug is not anti-inflammatory like the previous one and it
must be emphasized that it is recommended not to take it more than ten days in a
row. To all the above we can point out that for children it is presented in
various formats such as drops and even as syrup.
These two medicines must be known that, in Spain, they can be bought without
any prescription. However, as with all drugs, it is recommended not to take it
without first consulting your doctor.
The ibuprofen is among antipyretics more employees. They are
over-the-counter medications, although it is advisable to consult a doctor and
It should be noted that, beyond drugs, there are physical mechanisms or
processes that can be called antipyretics since they help lower body temperature. Placing
a wet cloth over the forehead of the individual with a fever,
for example, is an antipyretic action. Unlike drugs, the effect is usually
immediate but short-lived.